What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease caused by your body’s inability to create or properly use insulin. This results in blood sugar levels that are too high, which can lead to a number of different health concerns.
When you eat, your body converts some of that food to glucose, or sugar, in your blood. Your body then uses that glucose for energy. It needs insulin, a specific hormone, to turn that blood sugar into energy.
In people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, there is a problem with insulin that results in higher-than-normal blood sugar levels.
What’s the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are both chronic diseases. However, they have some marked differences.
Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, but people with this type of diabetes usually find out about it before they reach adulthood. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, usually develops after the age of 40.
In Type 1 diabetes, your body’s immune system attacks the cells that produce insulin. This leaves you with very little or no insulin in your system to convert blood sugar to energy. As a result, the sugar accumulates in your bloodstream.
In Type 2 diabetes, your cells resist insulin’s efforts to convert your blood sugar. Your pancreas tries to create more insulin to cope, but it’s unable to produce enough to properly process all of your blood sugar. Blood sugar builds up in your blood as a result.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes have similar symptoms, including:
- Excessive hunger or thirst
- Increased urination
- Sores that take a long time to heal
- Increased susceptibility to infection
Can diabetes be treated?
Absolutely. If you think you might be living with diabetes, come to LifeTime Primary Care. They offer testing to give you an accurate diagnosis.
If you do have diabetes, they put together a treatment plan for you. That might include medication, exercise, a specific meal plan, or other lifestyle changes depending on what’s right for your body.
For more information, a diagnosis, or treatment, call LifeTime Primary Care Doctors or schedule your visit online.